Corrugated cardboard is produced by sticking two paper boards on the sides of a wavy paper (flute). Flute is like a coloumn in vertical uses and an arch in horizontal uses. This is what gives the corrugated cardboard its strength. Along with its strength, the ease of folding, cutting and printing is what makes corrugated cardboard a perfect packaging material.
The first corrugated material was produced by Edward G. Healy and Edward E. Allen in order to be used as shield inside hats. This meterial was patended in England at the year of 1856. In 1871 an American named Albert L. Jones sticked this wavy paper on a flat one in order to wrap it around glass bottles. This was the first use of the meterial as packaging. The first machine, which the contemporary production system is based on, was invented in 1908 by Samuel Langston. Today, we call the standard CC boxes "American Box" because the first examples of these boxes were produced in America to be used as Postal Parcels.
Corrugated Cardboard was produced in Turkey by SEKA, 83 yaears later. According to the records of OMUD, the corrugated cardboard production of Turkey in the year of 2000 is 717.794 tons and 6666 people are employed in this sector. Approximately 11 kgs of CC per person is consumed every year in Turkey. Turkey ranks sixth in the consuming of CC in Europe after Germany, France, Italy, England and Spain.
There are several types of corrugated cardboards used for different purposes. Varying heights of waves are used in the production of these cardboards.
Since this wave is very big, it carries the vertical pressure very well and absorbs the horizontal one by crashing smoothly. The spacing of waves is also very wide and this causes a bumpy surface, making it hard to print on. It's usually used as the interior layer in the combinations of double waved CC.
The hybrid of A and B... Carries the good sides of its parents. It's a good carrier and makes smooth surfaces for good prints. C wave seems to replace the A wave in the future.
Althought this wave is weaker on vertical pressures (because of the thin structure), it's stronger on the surface. Thanks to the frequency of the waves. The surface is smooth and it's easy to print on. This type of wave is the most popular one.
Excellent surface durability is created by tiny waves with high frequency. It gives the best results in printing. Very light. These specifications make it a good substitude for cardboard packages. Solely, it cannot be used as a heavy duty package, but it serves perfectly when combined with a stronger wave. There are thinner waves called F-Wave and N-wave...
"Single Facer CC" is produced with the combination of flute and a flat paper board, "Corrugated Cardboard" is the flute with flat paper on both sides. Corrugated Cardboards with more than one layer of flute can be named as "Double Wall" or "Triple Wall"... These combinations of waves are as follows:
Double Wall Combinations: E+B / B+A / B+C
Triple Wall Combinations: E+B+B / B+C+C / A+C+B / C+B+E